Édouard Manet (23 Jan
uary 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a
French painter. One of the first nineteenth
century artists to approach modern-life subjects, he was a pivotal figure in the transition
from Realism to Impressionism.
His early masterworks
The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia engendered great controversy, and served as
rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism—today these are considered watershed
paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.