Pompadour is a style of haircut which takes its name from Madame de Pompadour.The pompadour was a fashion trend in the 1950s among male rockabilly artists and actors like Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Little Richard, Marlon Brando (The Wild One) and James Dean (Rebel Without a Cause). In the late twentieth century, rockabilly revival musicians such as The Stray Cats with Brian Setzer, The Pole Cats, The Rockats and other musicians in the punk scene such as Pretenders bassist Pete Farndon, members of the band The Clash, Social Distortion and the Disgusteens were known for wearing this style at times. Morrissey, formerly of the band The Smiths, has also worn a pompadour hair style throughout his career. There are also Latin variants of the hair style more associated with European and Argentine tango fashion trends and occasionally with late twentieth century musical genres such rockabilly and country.
Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, also known as Madame de Pompadour (29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764) was the famous favourite of King Louis XV of France.